According to World Health Organization and HealthData.org, the top ten risk factors that drive the most death and disability in Vietnam are dietary risks, tobacco, high blood pressure, diabetes or pre-diabetes, alcohol, air pollution, obesity, malnutrition, occupational risk and high cholesterol. Stroke, heart disease, and lung cancer, and progressive lung diseases remain the top causes of most deaths in Vietnam for decades. The probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per every 1,000 people is at 182/66.
Tuberculosis is among the top five detrimental diseases in Vietnam, with over 105,700 cases diagnosed in 2017. Typhoid fever, Japanese encephalitis, rabies, and chikungunya are other common diseases that foreign travelers should take extra precaution prior to visiting Vietnam.
Vietnamese cooking uses herbs and spices extensively, which have been known to be incredible sources of vitamins, potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents. However, with the current decline in food quality, and high level of air pollution, along with excessive smoking and drinking habits, Vietnam’s estimated healthcare spending per normal person will reach at least $1,151 USD by the year 2040.