Immigration to Canada: The Ultimate Guide


Have your eyes on Canada and want to call it your home? As one of the safest and most inclusive countries in the world, not to mention those breathtaking sceneries and the nicest people you can come across, Canada’s arms are always wide-open to newcomers.

There are many ways to immigrate to Canada. There is no “easiest” or “hardest” program, but a program that fits your situation, skills or financial standings. If you are unsure which program to apply for: Answer this questionnaire on Canada Immigration’s website to establish a guideline, then continue your research on a specific program.Here are some basic programs:

SKILLED WORKER PROGRAM Immigrate as a skilled worker or immigrate as a skilled worker in the province of Quebec. Current processing time: 15-17 months.

Within this program, there are 3 different express entry programs: Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program and Canadian Experience Class. This program involves three main criteria: language skill , level of work experience, length of work experience and job offer availability.

START-UP VISA PROGRAM Immigrate by starting a business and creating jobs. Current processing time: varies. 

Immigrant entrepreneurs with innovative ideas to start companies that can generate jobs and put Canada on a competitive global scale should apply for this program.

SELF-EMPLOYED PROGRAM Immigrate as a self-employed person in cultural or athletic activities. Current processing time: 25 months. 

People who have more than 5 years of work experience in the cultural or athletic sectors and are willing to make signification contribution to Canada are encouraged to apply as self-employed status.

PROVINCIAL NOMINEES Immigrate by being nominated by a Canadian province or territory. Current processing time: 15-19 months

Each of the 11 provincial program targets different groups: students, business people, skilled workers, semi-skilled workers. They focus on finding people with the right skills, education and work experience to contribute to the economy of the province or territory. Find our more about these programs through their own website.

REFUGEE PROGRAM Immigrate as a refugee

You can apply claiming asylum and irregular border crossings, or apply as a refugee inside Canada if you fear persecution and danger if you return to your home country.

CAREGIVERS PROGRAM Immigrate by providing care for children, the elderly or those with medical needs, or work as a live-in caregiver.

Within this program, there are 2 sub programs: Caring for Children Program and the Caring for People with High Medical Needs Program. You can apply for the Children Program if you have provided full-time child care in a home in Canada for at least 2 years. You can qualify for the High Medical Needs Program if you are a registered or licensed practical nurse, a nurse aid or orderly, or a home support worker.

ATLANTIC IMMIGRATION PILOT PROGRAM Immigrate by graduating from a school or working in New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, or Newfoundland and Labrador.

Within this program, there are 3 subprograms: Atlantic High-Skilled Program, Atlantic Intermediate-Skilled Program, Atlantic International Graduate Program. The criteria for these programs include language skill, work experience, education, ability to support oneself financially, and residency and job offer in the Atlantic province.

FAMILY SPONSORSHIP PROGRAM Sponsor relatives – spouse, partner, children, parents, grandparents, and other family members – to immigrate.

The criteria include: you must be over 18, a citizen or permanent resident of Canada, can financially support yourself and are not currently on social assistance.

These are federal immigration programs. You can also apply for provincial investment programs available. The criteria for each program varies by provinces. Below are the benchmarks.